Meet the Pollinators
Canada is home to an impressive and diverse line-up of pollinators. These include flies, beetles, ants, moths, wasps, hummingbirds, butterflies and bees, which spread pollen from one plant to another as they navigate flowers for food.
Why Help Pollinators?
Around the world, pollinators are struggling to survive amidst growing threats to their homes and health.
In Canada, we have seen significant reductions in some pollinator species, including bees and butterflies, such as the much loved monarch butterfly.
Threats facing pollinators
There are many threats facing pollinators today. When meadows become housing developments, pollinators often lose their homes. Pesticides, herbicides and fungicides continue to have drastic effects on pollinating creatures. Climate change is affecting the availability of resources for pollinators and we have spread many pests and diseases around to managed and wild bees.
Development versus Diversity
Biodiversity is key for thriving pollinator ecologies, as we sprawl our communities into land previously occupied by meadows we reduce that diversity drastically. We have buried river systems, drained wetlands, fragmented habitats, maintained manicured lawnscapes and eliminated roadside wildflowers in many areas.
The Karner Blue Butterfly, originally prolific, likely became extirpated in Southern Ontario in the 1990’s because of land use practices.
Chemicals are Killing Pollinators
Allowing chemicals to be used on plants before testing their safety on pollinators has resulted in huge loses in honey and native bee populations, as well as a decline in migrating Monarch Butterflies.
Systemic pesticides like neonicotinoids are 7,000 times more toxic to bees than DDT. When they are mixed with herbicides and fungicides they are even more lethal.
Hurtful Human Impact
Climate change is affecting pollinators globally.
Spring emergence of species is becoming mismatched to the flowers that have evolved to attract them.
As we have migrated around the globe, bringing our favorite plants and animals with us, we have also spread pests and diseases that local pollinators have not evolved mechanisms to defend themselves from.
Did you know there are thousands of pollinators in Canada?
This includes butterflies, moths, beetles, flies, hummingbirds and over 800 native bees!
Learn About Native Plants
Videos & Webinars
Earth Chapter 1: Biodiverse backyard and native plants
Earth Chapter 2: Attracting Hummingbirds and Shrubs for Wildlife
Plant Health Pyramid
Learn About Native Plants
Articles & Docs
|Canada Planting Guides (pollinatorpartnership.ca)
|Technical Guides for Land Managers (pollinatorpartnership.ca)
|Pollinator-Friendly Native Plant Lists (xerces.org)
|How to Start Gardening with Native Plants (nanps.org)
|Native Plant Database (watersheds.ca)
|Pick a Plant (growgreenguide.ca)
|Bee Lawn (umn.edu)
|University of Calgary Planting Guides (ucalgary.ca)
|12 Plants That Butterflies Love (thoughtco.com)
|Flower Fragrances That Attract Bees to Your Garden (fragrancex.com)